Balvikas Aids – Introduction to Gunas

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Topic 1: The Three Gunas

Sattvic (Purity) Guna
  • A person whose behaviour is good
  • A person who eats good food which is not very spicy, overcooked or contains animal extracts
  • A person who does not over-sleep
  • Is dynamic, honest, truthful and helpful
  • A person who wants to know about God
Rajasic (passion) Guna
  • A person of moderate behaviour
  • Someone not very particular about his or her diet
  • Someone wo eats overcooked food
  • A person who has a tendency to be lazy
  • A person who can be helpful
  • Someone who does not have much control over sleep
  • A person who is controlled by the senses
  • Someone who is always active and restless
  • Someone who is greedy
Tamasic (inertia or inactivity) Guna
  • A person whose character is not good
  • Is lazy
  • Diet comprises of animal extract
  • Is selfish
  • Oversleeps
  • Not socially compliant
  • Stubborn and does not listen to anyone
  • Ignorant of spirituality

Are we limited by the Guna?

In the Bhagavad Gita Krishna said that the person who goes beyond these qualities and lives just for serving the lord is higher than any of these types of person.

Topic 2: The 3 D’s

  • Duty is God Work is Worship
  • Understand what your duties are in life and carry them out as act of worship to God.
DevotionMeans Love for God, faith in God and Surrender to God
DisciplineThis is necessary to be able to do anything in life. It means having enough control over yourself and your conduct . This is so that you know what is right and appropriate for you to do in any circumstance you are in or in any activity it is your duty to carry out.

You need discipline so that you can carry out your duties. You must carry out your duties so that they become acts of worship. By doing this you will realise God

Story: Shirdi Sai Baba’s Miracles

Baba was a Mahatma (Great Soul) with uncanny, divine powers. But he called himself “Servant of God,’ and the supernatural feats that occurred at his hands, he ascribed to God Himself. He never called himself a Guru and had no disciples too. He had only his devotees.

Now I will tell you some of the earliest leelas of Baba.

Every night, Baba used to light earthen lamps in the Dwarkamai. For this, he asked the grocers to give him oil. In the beginning, people looked upon Baba as a mad fakir, and so the grocers gave him oil just for the fun of it. But soon they got fed up with this daily practice and one day they all refused to give him oil.

With the empty oil-tin dangling from his hand, Baba came back to Dwarkamai, with a merry song on his lips :-

If no oil, I am not worried, Dwarkamai will supply the need.

He put a little water in the oil tin and drank it, as if to please the God within. Then he took more water, poured it in the lamps and kindled them one by one. Alack and … !

God said, let there be light

And there was light !

The ‘water-lamps’ burnt throughout the night. Those who had come to scoff remained to praise. This incident established the supernatural powers of Baba beyond a shred of doubt.


Discussion Question

How did Shirdi Baba in the story demonstrate Duty, Devotion & Discipline?